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How to install Drivers

About driver installer tools and Windows Update

A lot of users install their drivers incorrectly by using a driver installer tool or Windows Update. Do not use any of these methods. Driver installer software in the best case scenario will install a faulty or outdated driver. Worst case scenario, it might break your Windows install and/or cause a BSOD . Windows Update is just inherently bad when it comes to updating drivers. It struggles to properly identify hardware and often installs older driver.

What drivers do you need?

In the installation tutorial, we mentioned that the absolute bare minimum of drivers is the network drivers. After installing Windows, you most likely only need drivers for whatever hardware is not working on your PC.

i.e if Wi-Fi is working, but not your Bluetooth and Audio devices properly, you only need to download your Bluetooth and Audio drivers; there is (mostly) no point in downloading the Wi-Fi driver.

  • Make sure to install Intel Dynamic Tuning and CPPC drivers if supported to avoid general performance issues.

  • Laptop with a dedicated NVIDIA or AMD graphics cards, make sure to also install your integrated graphics drivers; To install it, look up your CPU model and add integrated graphics drivers at the end on your favorite search engine, otherwise adjusting brightness or screen refresh rate won't work.

Locating your drivers

The best way to find the driver of non-functional hardware is to simple Google it. The general idea is that you should only download drivers from the official website of the hardware manufacturer.

PC (Motherboard)

On PC, most of the hardware modules are on the motherboard, so you need to just Google <your motherboard model> drivers. There, open the link that takes you to the motherboard manufacturer's website. You might get a list of drivers directly, otherwise the drivers are usually under the Support section or a similar one. If you can't find it, look around on the website; you'll eventually find your drivers.


For example, if you have an ASUS PRIME H610M-K D4 motherboard.

First, you should Google ASUS PRIME H610M-K D4 drivers.

There, let us say you choose the ASUS Global search result. So it brings up the motherboard webpage.

Now you look around and find a Support page next to the Overview, Tech Specs and Review pages. Click the Support page.

There you can see a tab of the page called Drivers & Utility. From now on, I think it is obvious. Click on that tab, select your OS, and download the drivers you need.


Another trick if you cannot find the drivers you need is to look around on a different version/language of the website. After googling, the first result will probably be the official website of the manufacturer in your region, in your language. Other top results usually include the global version of the website; look around on those too. I have seen a vendor where the hardware drivers were not available on the local region website, but they were present on the global version.


On a laptop, the steps are almost exactly the same. Since the laptop's motherboard does not have a name, you Google the laptop's model similarly to the motherboard example.

Other hardware

For other hardware that is not part of the motherboard, you should look up the manual of the hardware for a guide, or check the manufacturer's website for drivers if they do not work.

i.e an external controller, wheel or USB device.

GPU drivers

These drivers should only come from the manufacturer's website, and it is either NVIDIA, AMD or Intel.


Go to the official NVIDIA website, click the Drivers button on top top of the page. Select your GPU, and then the type of the driver (Game Ready or Studio Ready driver, read more here). After that click Search and download the first option.


Go to the official AMD website, and down the page select your hardware, click SUBMIT, download the driver compatible with your operating system.

  1. Given that you must know at least the name of your CPU, search for its specs.
  2. Open the result, which takes you to the website.
  3. There on the left side of the page should be a menu option called Drivers and Software. It will take you directly to the graphical drivers. From here it should be trivial. Download and install.

If you cannot find your CPU on the ark website, you can go on a different method, but it is more "unstable", meaning this guide cannot take you through every step exactly:

  1. Find the Processor Graphics section on the specs page, there you can find out which integrated GPU you have. Take note of that or copy the name.
  2. Google the name of the iGPU, for example Intel HD 630 drivers
  3. Open one of the Intel website in the search results, and sadly here is the part where this guide says that you need to find the driver on the Intel website on your own. It is because depending on the search engine and the iGPU, the search results can vary and there is not really one, clean method. Intel's website is so messy.

Installing the driver

This is the easiest part. If the driver is for the motherboard, it usually comes archived or compressed. Extract it, and find an executable file, usually called setup, with the extensions .exe or .msi. You just run it, and follow the on screen instructions.

Other hardware's drivers are often a standalone .exe file. You just run those files, and follow the on screen instructions.


Continuing the PC motherboard example from the previous step, if you downloaded the audio driver, you need to first extract the zip file of the driver. Then find and execute the setup.exe. The installer wizard will walk you through the installation of the driver. After finishing, it usually offers to restart the PC. Restart it. Or if the timing of the restart is not good for you, you can delay it, but do not forget to do it later, because until you restart, the hardware will not work.

When installing an NVIDIA driver, refer to the Post-Install guide for additional debloating and tweaking of the driver.


If the downloaded driver is not working try the following:

  • Did you restart after installing the driver? If not, it probably will fix it.
  • Try to find and install an older driver.
  • Check out the last resort

A last resort


Again, USE THIS ONLY AS A LAST RESORT, if you really cannot find a properly working driver for your hardware. Do not jump to this option directly.

You can use Snappy Driver Installer Origin.

  1. Download SDIO from their website
  2. Extract the zip file
  3. Run SDIO_auto.bat and accept the license
  4. Once the Welcome window pop-ups, click on Download Indexes Only
  5. Here, only select the drivers that you need and could not find in any previous tries
  6. Click on Install